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The Secrets of the Salt Mine from Praid

2015-11-19

The salt yard  from Praid holds more kinds of geological, historical, mineral and therapeutic secrets. The very first secret lies in the formation of salt in Transylvania. The range of Korond-Praid-Sovata-Görgény is the trace of salt uprush (the “salt zone”), and the salt yard from Praid rises from it like an immense mushroom. The formation of the salt in Transylvania - and the pleat from Praid it includes – can be traced back to the geological age of Lower-Baden (Middle-Miocene age), 20-22 million years ago. The sediments of the following geological ages deposited on the condensed salt layers and under their pressure the salt moved to the edges of the Transylvanian Basin. The movement of the salt was furthered by the fact that its specific weight is smaller than that of its environment, and it uprushed on the line of  the existing ruptures forming diaper pleats and a huge salt strata. The salt treasure of Praid hides an amount of salt that can be extracted in hundreds of years and it is one of the bottomless treasure troves in Transylvania.

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In Transylvania the history of salt mining traces back to Roman times. The outcropped “salt-cuts” that had been left by the retreating Romans, were first exploited by the Avers then by the Bulgarians. One of the commander-in-chiefs of the conquering Hungarians (Töhötöm) was informed by his spies that they were “digging” salt in Transylvania. After 1003 the ships of Saint Stephan were already transporting salt on the River Maros.

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The salt from Praid has been called “Szekler salt” since the XV century, that provided the Transylvanian region and its people with a name, a right (the salt right), work and living possibilities for long centuries. Last but not least it provides the taste and soul of famous Szekler and Transylvanian foods. The huge salt region from Praid has a last carefully kept secret: the magic of timelessness. The one who unravels this – will gain eternity – might be petrified.